Unikom Blog
Blog Of Indonesian Computer University

History of Musical Instruments Guitar

Sejarah Alat Musik Gitar


Classical guitar is a stringed musical instrument made of wood with some parts made of metal which has six strings to be played.

Regarding the origin first guitar until now many versions of where the guitar was first discovered. Kondsinya modern guitar replica was found in almost all corners of the world with the form and amount of different strings different. For example in Greece found vases - vases of ancient musical instruments like guitar patterned. Then in the Babylonian archaeologists found the instruments and objects associated with the guitar, such as plaques are made of clay (1900-1800 BC). In the picture, shown in figure nude figure who was playing musical instruments. Some of these instruments have in common umun with modern guitar.

Guitar in Indonesia

Guitar first arrived in Indonesia around the 17th century brought by people the Portuguese. At that time a number of prisoners from the Portuguese in Malacca by the Dutch settled in the marshy area in North Jakarta, in a village monument. So they do not get bored, they amuse themselves by playing music. Well, the music they use when it is the guitar. That said, the results of people's introduction to musical instruments that, born a few stringed instruments are played for keroncong accompany songs.

There are 3 types of guitars played by the prisoners at that time, namely:

1.Gitar Monica, which consists of 3 strings

2.Gitar Rorenga, which consists of 4 strings

3.Gitar Jitera, which consists of 5 strings.

Two centuries later the guitar and keroncong became popular among nobility and spread to all corners of the country.

This article will tell you about the history is known about the instrument before the year 1650. Called the evolution is known as much about this instrument is not known but is only taken from the drawings, sculpture and others.

Lute music instruments from Europe will be the beginning. This instrument was developed from the Arab musical instrument called the Oud and have between 12 to 24 strings where this instrument is played by picking a pair of strings to a tone (like you are playing 12-string guitar). Strings made ​​of catgut (sheep intestine) and fretnya made ​​from catgut tied around the fingerboard / neck with a fret of wood or ivory that is attached to the upper end soundboardnya. Fret and soundboard have the same height, in contrast to the modern guitar fret that the generally higher than soundboardnya and many of his inlay which is the ornaments. The form of this instrument resembles a fruit pear and the rounded back like half a melon. Bridge saddle and it does not have his head tuning is similar to the violin.

Theorbo is a variation of the lute with a few extra strings. The difference with the lute is that Theorbo have extra strings as above and parallel to the tuning head necknya, where the tuning head for lute similar to a violin. Tune includes a bass-baritone voice.

Arch lute is an instrument similar to a lute but Arch lute leaning towards more melodic than the lute.

Lute with ordinary stem high tones. If the guitar era now stem in E, lute stem in A, which is two and a half tone higher than E.

Lute can stem and played the same guitar (finger picking or pick). This is called the new tuning. Could also be a third partner of the lute strings stem down half a tone of new tuning. Steman for lute is also not standardized before the mid-1700s. The players can be tuned in accordance with their wishes. So there must stem in A.

Lute itself is not a direct ancestor of the guitar, but it is one of its predecessor. What is important here is that the lute give great contributions to the development of the guitar until the shape today. And in Spain, where the guitar really developed, the lute is often equated with the moor causes the lute is not so popular.

Other instruments are no less contributions to the development Cittern guitar is an instrument. This instrument is also shaped like a pear with a flat rear, with four or five pairs of strings of wire and with a permanent fretting whether it diatonik such as the Appalachian dulcimer or chromatic like a modern guitar. Tuning heads have been installed much like the guitar or mandolin. Stemannya similar to a mandolin (in fifths) with the same fingering and chord and played with a plectrum or pick.

Guitarra Moresca an instrument with 4 pairs of strings with an oval shape resembles an egg and fretboardnya coated with a skin like the banjo. The popularity of this instrument is in the 13th century.

Guitarra Latina is also an instrument with 3 or 4 pairs of strings with a small body shape resembles a baritone ukulele and guitar parlor. This instrument is quite popular in the 13th century. His fretboard is made ​​of wood but the rest resemble Moresca guitarra.

Guittern an instrument with five pairs of strings and played with fingerpicking or pick. The form varies but the most common is like a violin and has a bridge and tailpiece that can be driven to tighten the strings, although sometimes the strings tightened at the bridge with no saddle. Each pair of strings stem by Unison but sometimes tuned in octaves.

Chittarra Battente is a stringed instrument that uses a wire and have a soundboard that is made ​​to the rear body corners. Popular in 1500an and use permanent fret of iron.

Bandora a variation of the cittern with a flat rear body section and shaped similar to the A-Style mandolin.

Vihuela De Mano came from Spain and is an instrument with six pairs of strings. Bodynya quite large as today's classical guitar and have some sound hole on it. This instrument uses a fixed bridge and the possibility of a direct ancestor of the guitar 12 string USA into North America through Mexico, Texas and Louisiana.

Four Course Guitar has 4 pairs of strings, guitar-shaped body and a flat soundboard, bridge of the lute and the back is made ​​half curved but not too form a sphere. This instrument like a guitar-sized children.

Five Course Guitar emerged around the year 1490 and similar to the four-course guitar with one additional pair of bass strings. This instrument also called Home Guitar.

Baroque Guitar appears on beginning of the 17th century. This guitar uses nylon strings, have a long, slim body with the top and bottom of the same magnitude. Tuning headnya made of wood and mounted as in the classical guitar. Fretnya whether made of wood, metal or ivory is permanent.

All the instruments mentioned above are mostly have the same high fingerboard with soundboardnya. Fingerboard the elevated like now there has not been up to the Parlor Guitars.

Six String Guitar actual guitar, not developed until the year 1750.

Parlor Guitars are very similar to the Baroque Guitar with the exception that the tuning for the Parlor Guitars biasanta more mechanical. After about 1820, the bottom of the body is made larger than the top. This guitar is similar to Washburn in 1887.

Modern classical guitar that we see today has not been developed until the year 1840 in Spain.


Guitar is a tool strings made of wood with some parts of the metal / metal and there are 6 rope / string to be played. The top and bottom of the guitar body shape of the number 8. 6 strings attached to the Pegs or the player who pulled the strings throughout the guitar body. Pegs / player is used for tuning the strings. This instrument is known. Just by picking the strings, the people just join together. At a party you can play the guitar to sing and dance. While his own sound produced like a small orchestra.

Guitar sound has a romantic nature. Therefore, the song "Romance" is best suited when sung with a guitar. In addition to the traditional guitars, then there are several types of guitar other. For example, Hawaiian guitar that uses a slide system, then there is a guitar that uses nylon strings (classical guitar and folk guitar), and some are using metal strings (steel guitar).

A. Guitar History

Authenticity guitar can not be seen from antiquity. Some experts feel this tool came from continents Africa, where many modern replica in the form of a round box

like a clam shell with Gut / silk yarn, in many regions of the continent. Other experts find this tool in the form of glass in the relief of old stone relief in the days of Ancient Central Asia and Asia. Another food for thought arise with the discovery of the Ancient Greek vase patterned vase. Greek Strings is probably the first tool that categorized as a guitar. Modern Guitar possibility stems from the Spanish guitar, but different kinds of guitars such as the instrument of instruments that we can see dilukisan painting in Medieval times and there is lots of Renaiassance throughout Europe. Here is a place where the historic discovery of the guitar from Medieval times until the 20th century, based on the history and development.

1265 Juan Gil of Zamora states starting from the early history of the guitar "Ars Musica".

1283 -1350   Moresca Guitar guitarra Latina and found in the poem "Archpriest of Hita".

1306 A guitar player playing in a religious place (The Feast of Westminister) in the UK.

1487 Johannes Tinctoris believes that the instrument invented by the Catalans.

1546   Alonso Mudarra create a composite "Tres Libros de Musica en Cifras The Vihuela" involving a guitar in it.

1551 - 1555 Nine tablatur guitar books published by Adrian Le Roy.

1600 - 1650 Various types tablatur for guitar published. Its popularity began to rival the Lute (a type of instrument, too).

1674 Book "Guitarre Royal" published by F. Corbetta which increase the popularity of the guitar. This book is dedicated to King Louis XIV.

1770 - 1800 Strings to 6 added to the guitar and everything becomes Single String.

1800 - 1850 Guitar experiencing peak popularity in terms of appearance and publications. Fernando Sor, Mauro Guiliani, Matteo Carcassi and Dioniso Aguado is the famous composers who write, teach and publish their compositions.

1850 - 1892 A Manual Torres guitar manufacturer to develop a generation that we know today.

1916 Segovia held a concert at the Ateneo, which is the most famous concert hall in Madrid at the time. Previously known instrument can not be displayed on this big event.

I. Developments in the East in ancient guitar

Entrusted that the history of the guitar comes from the Eastern hemisphere. There, the archeolog find instruments and objects concerned with it as a benchmark in the world that has not come from the guitar so well known. Among the historical objects found at Babylon, the most relevant are the plaques are made ​​of clay (1900-1800 BC), which are shown in figure figure nude playing instruments musical instrument. Some of the instruments that the instruments have a common equation that is similar to the guitar. Further analysis proved that there is a difference between the body and neck guitar. The back of the guitar is very flat, where the back of the guitar is attached to the chest of a priest. It's enough to prove that there is no possibility Bowl-shaped instrument-shaped / bowl. Very clearly seen that the right hand was plucked string / rope strap. Unfortunately the number of strings are not clearly visible strings.

But on the other plaques contained at least there are 2 strings. Proof of evidence of the instrument instrument resembling a guitar has been seen; Syria, Susa (a city ancient in the North Persian Gulf: the capital of the Persian empire).

II. Egyptian and Roman

At first, the only stringed musical instrument in Egypt is a bow-shaped harp / Bow-shaped. Some time later, the instrument has a neck marked with Frets, and may be made of yarn and silk yarn / Gut dileher hung. In the end some parts and characteristics will become an instrument associated with guitars and stringed instruments as well as all the instruments that have a neck, with the method of picking and bowed his head. Subsequent developments make this instrument more equal form of guitar.

Instruments instruments from the Roman era (30 BC - 40 AD), all made of wood that were previously made of goat skin. This instrument has 5 earpiece of a small part. Characteristic feature is valid until the 16th century. An instrument was found dikuburan Coptic in Egypt, where are shown the basic guitar shape, there is considerable indentation indentations in the curve beside the curve with the back of a very flat. Front and rear surfaces are united by pieces of wood pieces that make up the side of this instrument. Characteristic of this can be found until now.

III. Middle Ages in Europe

The first european stringed instrument which began in the 3rd century AD Analysis of the 3rd century prove that this instrument has a round sound box connects to a wide neck. Instruments of this type continues to use until the period of time. There are also descriptions of other instruments began in the Age Carolingian dynasty, which probably came from France or Germany.

Instruments of this Carolingian or rectangular, approximately have the same long neck, the tip of his neck a little wider and has a small string string binder / Small Pegs. In another illustration, this instrument instrument had 4 and 5 Pegs Pegs diinstrumen other. The number of these strings together and plucked strings in 2 ways: With a finger or using Plectrum / picker tool strings. Instruments Carolingian was not changed until the 14th century.

Guitarra guitarra Latina and Moresca

There is a difference between the guitarra latina and guitarra Morisca. Morisca word brought by people of Arab descent. oval-shaped sound box and has a lot of the earpiece. At the time of his journey through Egypt, most people from Africa and Spain spread the main features of the design features of this guitar to the instrument instrument-makers in Western Europe. The same possibility is that the first Spanish guitar is made in Europe. Only definite that the Arab influence in Spain is the beginning of the emergence of the guitar.

The guitarra latina has a curved side, which is estimated came to Spain from several countries in Europe. The form is the type which developed into the modern guitar.

Achieving success guitar has to do with the nature of the nature of the nomadic tribes Troubadours. On the way to Catalonia through the Spanish guitar through tribal Troubadours. Troubadours Ethnic European section held a tour and show, and enrich the musical culture broadly and gave a major influence in spreading the guitar on this continent.

IV. 16th century

Until the mid-century information is important information about the guitar and genealogy has been depicted in the figure numbers and images in relief reliefs. It becomes a belief on the fact that no direct and unavoidable. Beginning in the 16th century, the shape of the existing instrument instrument is a direct facts. Guitar guitar in the 16th century is distributed as The Vihuela from the time of Luis Milan, Rizzio guitar guitarra Battente from France and from Italy.

The Vihuela

The Vihuela comes from Spain, where this instrument is put together four small Vihuela and five-stringed guitarra. At the same time munculah new tool that is Lute. Instrument favored by the nobility in almost all European mainland. Spain is a notable exception. Lute has also become one with the people of Arab descent who determine rules rules own. For such is the nobility felt insulted that such instruments are also used by the settlers. Then the nobility guitarra popularize the same with 4 strings / Double-Strings. Along with its development, a guitar with 4 strings was enlarged and given the same 6 strings / Double-Strings. Rules of the game together and with the exception of the string into thirds, tone it down a half. One of the famous Vihuela player is Luis Milan, born in 1500.

In Luis Milan in 1535 published a book titled Libro de Musica de Vihuela de Mano Intitulalo "El Maestro". This book is the most important works for Milan. Recent data representing year 1700 Vihuela finally the development of the instrument performances. This instrument is made of metal engraving, Vihuela have arches along the sides of a deep and oval-shaped sound holes. Popularity of this instrument is evidence of the quantity of music that still exist. Written in tablatur this instrument, each line represents the strings and the tablatur Spain and Italy, the top string represents the deepest chord. While in English and French strings strings Vihuelanya on tablatur, its note values ​​showed a wide range of types of notes and get to the heart at the top. These kinds of kinds of notes similar to the existing notes.

First published work of tablatur Vihuela Spain by Luis de Milan in 1535, Luis de Narvaez in 1538, Alonso de Mudarra 1546. Tablatur Collection consists of the composition of the best instruments in the Renaissance in the 16th century, the golden age for Spanish Vihuela music.

Guitar 4 Strings

Four stringed guitar native of Egypt, one of them come from Europe and experienced many changes in shape and varied; strings 3, 4 and 5 strings. Stringed guitar is the most popular until the late Middle Ages.

Guitar 4 strings in Italy have tone G, C, E, A. And his tone is different in Spain notation is G, D, F #, B.

5 Guitar Strings

Mid-day, the existence of string 3, 4, and 5 in the same time began to appear. In the 15th century, stringed instruments with four double-strings soared in popularity. 5 double-stringed guitar strings are first found in an engraving in Italy. The name and type of guitar is the 5 string guitarra Battente which have characteristics the back curved out.

Tuning for this instrument is A, D, G, B, E.

V. Century -17

King Louis XIV of France to play the guitar and guitar acknowledge it as his favorite instrument. His teacher was one of the famous French guitar player; Robert de Visee (1650-1725). Jean Baptiste Lully was a composer famous at the time. He plays guitar and compose music for the instrument.

Name the name of guitar players in the Baroque period in France have been recorded in history, for example Rene Voboam representing the peak of production in the 17th century French instruments. He made the guitar in 1641 that showed a more guitar-making instruments beronamen. Alexandre Voboam and his son Jean also makes a nuanced guitar of the 17th century.

VI. Effect in Germany

In Northern Europe precisely in Germany, reaching peak popularity instrument; Heinrich Schutz (1585-1672), Samuel Scheidt (1587-1654) and Johann Hermann Schein (1586-1630). Examples of a German first guitar that still exist to this day created by Jacobus Stadler in 1624. He has a distinctive arches and plain rear and also shows the influence of Italian design. A 17th-century guitar made ​​by a priest, John of Apsom have a very different design than any other guitar. The back of the guitar is decorated with images of images "Crucifixion".

European guitar makers of the most prominent are Joachim Tielke of Hamburg (1641-1719). Homemade guitar decorated by materials ivory, tortoise shell, ebony, gold and silver, mother-of-pearl, wood jarcanda. Her work always has the highest quality and consistent. The sides have their work made ​​of ivory with carved pictures of Genesis.

VII. Influence in Eastern Europe

In Czechoslovakia, Czechs 'Luthier' attempt to adapt to the guitar type Battente. In addition there are 5 double-strings like a guitar Battente original, guitar Czechs have one additional single-string that used to play the 'Melodic Line'. Guitar guitar made ​​by Andrees Ott, an expert instrument maker from Prague shows the influence of Italy.

History of Poland represented by Jakob guitar Kremberg, poets, singers and composers from Warsaw. The importance of the work Kremberg also gives us important information about tuning the guitar instrument, is a tone lower than the tuning of the instrument of the present instrument.

VIII. Spain and Portugal

One of the prominent guitarist at the time was Francisco Corbera. He dedicates the work that he named guitarra y de sus differencias Sonos to Philip IV, king of Spain from 1621 until 1665. But France's most prominent guitarists in the 17th century is Gasper Sanz.

Sanz learn the guitar in Italy and also the organ and music history. He became the organizer of the King's Chaples in Naples. At the time he returned to Spain, he published 3 books about guitar music in the years 1674, 1675 and 1697. These books contain extensive teaching courses in improvisation and performance, using two main methods: strumming and Plucking. He believed strumming technique is suitable for dance music. Tuning used are A, D, G, B, E.

IX. Effect on Italy

The main factor that popularized the guitar in Italy and who enrich the literature is the introduction of guitar picking style guitar from Spain. Because of that guitar in Italy is also known as Chitaria Spagnuola. Picking style inherited from Vihuela technique adapted by the Spaniards for their guitars. Chitaria Spagnuola is a common technique in 17th century and the use of "Spanish Guitar" continues to this day as the continued use of the 17th century.

Two techniques are very different guitar on and Plucking and strumming techniques exist simultaneously in Italy in the 17th Century. This picking technique is expressed in the form of notation tablatur. Strumming of Chords dedicated by the special notation developed by the Italian composer composers of the 16th century and 17th century.

X. Century -18

In the 18th century, an increase in the amount equal to the composer's guitarist. As for some of the famous composer at that time, among others; Johann Arnold (1773-1806), Friedrich Baumbach (1753-1813), and Johann ChristianFranz (1762-1814). The most important aspect of guitar music in Germany in this century using instruments in various combinations of guitar "ensemble". For example, guitar and flute, guitar and bass, guitar, violin and bass.

Players player and composer of the 18th century composer

One of the composer is Trille LaBarre, she authored compositions for guitar solo, guitar and violin, guitar and singing. Other composers are: Antonie Lemoine (1763-1877) a "virtuoso" who compose and play the famous with the violin. B. Vidal plays a role as a player, teacher and composer. He wrote Nouvelle Methode.

6 string

Guitar string 6 is the innovation that comes from the 18th century. Guitar came from Italy and very popular and very popular. The reason is reason;

1. Guitarra Battente from Italy, which emerged in the late 17th century and the early 18th century, has been changed into 6 strings. Where any strings there are 2 strings (double-strings).

2. In 1732, Majer JBFK create tunning on string 6.

3. String 6 which came from Germany, made by Otto, is based on the Italian method.

XI. Century -19

In early mid-19th century, a new interest for this instrument was centered in the city of Vienna. City of Vienna itself the center of musical instruments and musicians from all over europe. Pertujukan show these musicians gave the initial impetus which the guitar becomes a serious instrument. As Mauro Giuliani (1780-1840) who menginisiatifkan trend tour guitar for the guitarist. Then Fernando Sor Spanish guitarist famous Spanish Romantic era and one of them and the first guitarist to be invited by the London Pihlharmonic Society.

XII. Century -20

Is the century of which we become witness to the development of unforeseen drastic guitar as an instrument of artistic for expression. Also as one of them a welcome century guitar concert stage. There are 2 basic reasons for popularity guitar;

1. Diakari by phenomena contained in the 20th century. The development of revolutionary technologies and the development of mass media communications and transportation that is faster and efficient is the visible aspect of its aspects. Radio, TV, recording industry, satellite communications, transport jet has helped show these instruments globally. Musicians to hold concerts throughout the world in a short time. They can reach a large number spectator audience, not just the audience the concert stage but also the audience at home to watch television, listen on the radio and through tape recordings (LPs, cassettes and CDs), also via the internet. The composer, a player or listener, creating many opportunities to instill in him the interest in playing guitar.

2. Although not as dramatic as before does not mean insignificant. It is an extension, the natural consequences of the developments that have occurred century century previously. 19th Century be remembered as the century in which the Francisco Tarrega (1852-1909) brought the guitar technique on a point of pure art, which has been ready to welcome the arrival of modern techniques. The renowned guitar maker like Luthier Antonio Torres (1817-1892) developed an instrument with a few variations to this day can be recognized as a guitar. Even this important event has century to realize the important role played guitar 20.

B. Types of Guitar

Functionality has not been used in guitar amplifiers today. Amplification was introduced to the guitar "Dobro" / Resonator guitar started by Dopyera brothers, Slovak immigrants in America. They found innovation on the guitar when the material is made ​​from metal guitars and added metal plates (Pie Plate) with a certain thickness will increase the resonant voice that 2 times 2 times bigger and louder voice. This type was produced to play guitar with orchestra music and became very popular in the 1920s and 1930s among musicians Blues and Jazz.

Later on during World War-2 basic ingredients guitar "Dobro" was changed to wood, to replace metal materials are very expensive, only resonatornya are still using metal materials.

Along with its development, the guitar continued to experience a lot of innovation in accordance with the demands of the user. But the musician Country, Blues, and Jazz began to create various types of Tone and Sound that can be produced by techniques such as guitars from Bend, Sustain, and others.

Variations of sound are also encouraging the development of rock music and Roll that arise in the 1950's. Les Paul was the first to experiment with an electric guitar sound in about 1940. The first electric guitar was a hollow-body / guitar hollow, sometimes in the form of 2 pieces shaped sound hole S-shaped at the front of the guitar body. In 1947 Paul Bigsby worked with Merle Travis designing solid-body electric guitar like a guitar that we know today. Leo Fender a radio repairman was the first to successfully mass produce guitars of this type. So there is competition between Fender guitar with Les Paul Gibson guitars made ​​today. There are two common types of guitars that we know are:

The Pick Guitar and The Finger-Style Guitar.

I. The Guitar Pick

The Pick guitar played by picking the strings with a pick, where the pick is shaped like a flattened round fruit Almond made ​​from turtle shell or plastic.

The difference this guitar is there are 2 kinds of fruit-shaped sound hole S-shaped at the front of the guitar body. Strings made ​​of wire and connected to the tailpiece / end string binding. Fingerboard / neck of the guitar adjacent and are marked with an iron line / Name Frets. Frets is a place where the left hand fingers press the strings. Point to make it easier for players to find the notes of notes and play with rhythm.

Since the mid 30's, Guitar Pick has been created / changed to Contact Electric Guitar with Microphone set up under the strings or Pickups. Then the pickup was connected with a loudspeaker. The Pick Guitar and Electric Guitar is most often used in Jazz music, dance bands and rock groups.

In general, the guitar has a number of strings 6; then came the guitar with 12 strings More commonly used in the country music scene. In the decade of the 50's, came the guitar with two necks (fretboard); a one-stringed stringed 6 and only 12 (as is often used by John McLaughlin). Then there are also guitar-stringed 7 (as it is commonly used by Bucky Pizzarelli), and even appears also stringed guitar 10. Electric guitar and growing; Solid-Body (as described above with no sound resonance, until the sound completely electric) type of hollow-body guitars and semi-hollowed. Type electric guitar like that commonly used in the music arena rock / pop. Types of electric guitar is also continuing with the use of different kinds of sound effects.

Section of the Electric Guitar

Guitar is the most important element in a band. Guitar as we know it today has a kind and diverse forms. But we will discuss this time is the essence of the guitar parts.

II. The Finger-Style Guitar

The Finger-Style Guitar played with the fingers pluck the strings with your fingers. Strings strings are made ​​of Nylon, silk and wire. This guitar has a sound hole circle. The Fingerboard have such Frets Guitar Pick but more broadly. Many works from the classical masters, including Bach and Chopin, has arranged for guitar. Guitar, both The Finger-Style Guitar or The Pick Guitar, often a favorite for local singer song. A form of guitar music that is popular but difficult Flamenco, Spanish Gypsy dance.

C. How to play guitar?

How to hold a good guitar for beginners can be described as follows;

1. Put the guitar in the groin. Hold the guitar between the thumb and index finger left hand.

2. The right hand is placed in a circle on the guitar body, bringing the toes closer to the strings. Press string on-board massage guitar guitar neck / fingerboard according to the tone that is sounded.

3. Strings strings of Type The Finger-style Guitar plucked by the thumb and first 3 fingers, while the index finger to accompany songs either alone or with the thumb used to pick back and forth along a single time, with the tip Pick. Harvesting can be done either by movement up or down.

4. Train ability finger finger us to press the strings (in accordance with the desired tone) so that the resulting tone sounds perfect.

Name the name of the string string starting from the thickest (lowest in scales) and headed into the thinnest (highest in the scales) which is E, A, D, G, B, E.

On the guitar we know three or more tones that sounded simultaneously, ie chord. The commonly known as Grif. Usually chord used to accompany a song or melody. Each chord has a different shape and style according to the tone elements that shape it.

To make it easier to read on a tablatur chord, note and memorize the following description description;

Coat chord

M : Major

m: Minor

Dim (0): Diminished

7: Dominant Seven

Aug / +: Augmented

Sus: Suspended

Code of finger left hand; radius that is used to suppress elements of a chord tone

1: index finger

2 : Middle finger

3: Finger sweet

4: little finger

Chromatic sign

b: Tone down half a tone, read or Plat Mol.

#: Tone is raised a half tone, read crotch or Sharf.

Signs of Strings

Black box : Basic tone (Root).

Circle: String sounded without massaged.

Black circle: Strings sounded to be massaged.

Crosses : String dead, no sound (Dead String).

Roman numerals, (I, II, III, IV, V and so on) indicates the column guitar.

The use of chords in a song must be adjusted to the tone of voice or melody to be played. Usually, a beginner will face difficulty finding an appropriate chord with a tone or melody of a song.

To practice the skills using chord on the major scale, as follows;

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1: Ladder tone

I II III IV V VI VII VIII: Code using chord

C Dm Em FG Am BC: Type chord

If the chord C, Dm, Em, F, G, Am, B0 and C sounded in sequence, will generate ringing tone corresponding to scales C = do. Type chord that is used as follows;

C 1: The major chord

Dm 2: minor chords

Em 3: minor chords

F 4: major chord

G 5: major chord

Am 6: akorminor

B0 7: diminished chord

C 8: Major chord

Basic chord is the chord that always used to accompany a song. In the major scale above, which included into the basic chords is the chord I, IV and V (C, F and G). The proof that C chord used in the song the basic tone C = do, always disertaidengan chord chord F and G.

Bantu chord can be inserted to enhance the composition of a song. However, its existence is not absolute. The use of chord aids tailored to the needs of the beauty of a song.

The following chord Bantu on major scale with a tone basic C = do;

II, III, VI, VII: Code using chord

Dm Em Am B0: Type chord

To practice the skills using chord in minor scales, as follows;

I II III IV V VI VII VIII: Code using chord

Bo Am C Dm Em FG Am: Type chord

If the chord Am, Bo, C, Dm, Em, F, G and Am rung in sequence, will generate ringing tone in accordance with scales Am. Type chord that is used as follows;

Am I: minor chords Em V: minor chords

B0 II: F diminished chord VI: major chord

C III: The VII G major chord: major chord

Dm IV : Minor chords Am VIII: minor chords

As in the major scale, to accompany a song with the basic tone Am, the use of chord chord above differentiated akornya by function, namely basic chords and chord Bantu. Principal minor chord scales above are Am, Dm and Em, while chord help him is B0, C, F and G. Good practice.

Source: http://kabarmusik.com/sejarah-alat-musik-gitar/

Translated by Google Translate
on March, Tuesday 29/2011 23:51 by M.syadzili.K محمد الشاذلي خافيفي